What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism PosterAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.

The complex disorders include:

  • Autism Disorder Rett Syndrome Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
  • Pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified
  • Asperger Syndrome

These neurodevelopmental disorders can be characterized by difficulties in:

  • Communication skills/social interactions
  • Motor skills and coordination
  • Attention
  • Cognitive abilities
  • Verbal behaviors and other physical health issues